By: Tim Hayes Financial Advisor - posted in: Financial & Retirement Planning - Last updated Nov 29, 2018

Financial Advisor Blog

Articles are about big issues affecting readers, individual or corporate.

The Best Interest Contract Exemption

by | Financial & Retirement Planning


The 5th Circuit Court of Appeals ruled on March 15,2018 that the Department of Labor overstepped its bounds in creating the so-called fiduciary rule, parts of which went into effect last year. In general, the rule required that advisors and brokers charge clients the same fee no matter what product they offer them. The so-called conflict of interest provision.

There is talk that the SEC and or FINRA both of whom regulate advisors and brokers will pick up the ball from the DOL and implement their own retirement advice rule. Some think these organizations because they regulate brokers and advisors are better suited than the DOL who governs retirement plans to apply a new standard.

The DOL Fiduciary Rule Timeline & Updates

Best Interest Contract Exemption

The Department of Labor believes that conflicts of interest in the financial services industry are hurting people who have retirement plans such as 401(k), SEP, SIMPLE, and IRA, in that these conflicts are causing investors to pay higher costs and get lower returns.

Their remedy is the 2016 Fiduciary Rule, which requires almost all financial advisors who counsel IRA-holding individuals or 401(k) plans to provide conflict-free investment advice in the customer’s best interest. The problem is: fiduciaries can get compensation only with a legal exemption, hence the need for the new waiver.

Financial Planning Process

The Two Exemptions for a Financial Adviser

To receive compensation as a fiduciary, financial institutions must enter into an agreement with you, the IRA owner, in which they acknowledge they are a fiduciary and will be working in your best interest, according to the new law.

There are two types of best-interest contract arrangements, and how your financial adviser is paid determines the one used:

  1. If your financial adviser receives a commission or what we call variable compensation, s/he must enter into a signed contract with you, outline the steps the company has made to cut or eliminate conflicts of interest, and pledge to do what is in your best interest.
  1. If, however, your adviser charges a level fee, as opposed to a commission, no signed contract is required. Instead, the company must pledge to act as a fiduciary and do what is in your best interest. This fee arrangement has fewer requirements, because the DOL believes that the level cost provides protections.

Each agreement must be made between you, the individual investor, and the company your financial adviser represents. The new law also gives aggrieved investors additional recources.

Merrill Lynch Drops Commissions on IRAs

On October 6, 2016, Merrill Lynch announced that, after the new law goes into effect, their 14,000 brokers will only open level-fee IRA accounts. Many financial firms believe this is just the first step in an industry-wide transition away from commissions in retirement accounts. By making a level fee arrangement allegedly less erroneous, the DOL tipped its hand in the direction in which it wanted the industry to go.

Existing IRA Accounts

By January 1, 2018, your financial institution is required to send you a contract outlining the terms of your relationship. Moreover, if after 30 days you do nothing, that contract will go into effect.

What about Retirement Plans?

The new rule applies to 401(k) plans, SEPs, SIMPLEs, and 403(b) plans that fall under ERISA. If, however, the 401(k) or 403(b) is considered to be a big plan—e.g., more than $50 million in assets—the best-interest contract exemption will not apply, as these bigger plans already have protections in place. The rule will apply if a financial adviser counsels you on rolling over your 401(k) or 403(b), since all rollover advice falls under the new rule, regardless of the size of the plan from which the rollover comes.

Also, if you have a 403(b) plan that happens to fall outside of ERISA coverage—e.g., a 403(b) in a public school system—the new rule applies only if you decide to rollover that 403(b) into an IRA.

What to Do Now

If you have an IRA and you work with a financial adviser, now is a good time to review the payment arrangement. If you are thinking of rolling over a 401(k) or 403(b) before April 17 of next year, make sure the arrangement you have with your financial advisor is consistent with the new rule.

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